Photography is one of the most popular forms of visual arts. Who doesn’t like looking at breathtaking images of mountains or busy cityscapes? Behind every good photo is a good camera. Today, we will cover all of the different types of cameras and what they’re good for.
1. Medium Format Cameras
Medium format cameras seem a bit obsolete considering the rise of digital photography. Back in the early days of photography, various formats of the film were available in analog cameras. Today, there are only two major types of formats: crop sensor and full-frame.
However, medium format cameras are still much in style. Medium format is still one of the most popular formats in professional photography due to its power to capture high-quality images. Additionally, many photographers are reverting to medium format cameras due to the internet's obsession with nostalgia.
Medium format, by definition, is a camera that uses a 120 film or the digital equivalent. The size of medium format film isn’t fixed and generally varies between camera companies. The two main reasons why medium format cameras are popular in the fashion and advertising industry are its ability to capture high-quality images and color accuracy.
Advertising agencies typically rely on large cameras to capture detailed images of products or people. As a result, marketers find using a medium format camera to be comfortable and efficient for capturing product images. In the late 1960s and throughout the 1970s, fashion images captured using medium format cameras were everywhere.
Advantages of Medium Format Cameras
2. Mirrorless Cameras
Somewhere around the mid-2000s, the need for a new style of compact cameras was in demand. As a result, mirrorless cameras took the photography community by storm. Now, you can’t find a major brand that doesn’t have a mirrorless camera in their catalog. Big players like Sony and Nikon have their mirrorless cameras.
Since this type of camera seems to be so popular, how does it work, and what is it suitable for? As the name suggests, a mirrorless camera doesn’t require a mirror component. Images are displayed on the screen right as light passes through the sensor. This is a unique feature since you can customize and adjust your shot before it’s taken.
In the early days of mirrorless cameras, they were quite limited. However, with the advancements in camera technology, there are several different lens options to help expand all kinds of photographers’ creative paths.
A mirrorless camera system is surprisingly straightforward. In a standard DSLR, a viewfinder connects to the sensor, which displays the image. Mirrorless cameras have a sensor that’s directly exposed to light. The live image on the screen also attaches to the electronic viewfinder.
Advantages of Mirrorless Cameras
3. DSLR Cameras
Even if you’re a beginner, you’ve probably heard of DSLR cameras or might even own one. That’s because DSLR cameras are the industry standard. DSLR cameras capture high-quality images, are extremely customizable, and suitable for almost all photography styles. If you aren’t camera savvy but want to try your hand at photography, start with a DSLR.
DSLR stands for “Digital Single Lens Reflex.” As you can probably guess, the camera uses a fixed digital sensor. In a DSLR camera, there are two main components: the body and the lens. The lens is interchangeable, and professional photographers typically have multiple lenses and different DSLR cameras in their kits.
DSLR cameras are relatively new, but single reflex lens cameras have been around for decades. DSLR cameras typically have a robust body. Therefore various buttons provide a complete sense of manual control.
The two different types of DSLR cameras are full-frame and crop sensor. Each of the two cameras has a different sensor size. As a result, the equipment and settings will be different when shooting. Understanding the difference between full-frame and crop sensor cameras deserves its article.
Whether you’re a complete beginner or professional photographer, a DSLR camera can be of great use. If you want to explore more of your creative side, invest in some different lens variants.
Advantages of DSLR Cameras
4. Adventure Cameras
Are you thinking about adventuring into the wild to take some fantastic nature shots? Then you’re going to need a camera that can handle the rugged terrain and harsh weather conditions. Adventure cameras are incredibly durable and can capture high-quality images like conventional cameras.
To be considered an adventure camera, the device must be waterproof, durable, and capture the same quality images that a mirrorless or DSLR camera can. In the video realm, a GoPro would be the best example; however, this post is about photography, so that we will stick with still images.
Adventure cameras (also called action cameras) are typically small and portable. You should be able to easily pack them away in a backpack or a small camera bag. Your action camera should also be mountable, as different mounting options will give you a more vast range of shots to capture.
Additionally, adventure cameras give you the option to wear them so you can get those iconic POV shots of your adventure. There’s nothing cooler than a POV shot of a hike or ski trip.
A few decades ago, getting your hands on an adventure camera meant breaking the bank. Thankfully, you can find various budget-friendly action cameras on the market today. With that in mind, you’ll want to make sure the camera is extremely durable and won’t break easily.
Advantages of Adventure Cameras
5. Advanced Compact Cameras
Advanced compact cameras have a comfortable feeling and an incredible range of different manual controls. Some of the primary features are full manual, shutter priority, and aperture priority. In short, advanced compact cameras come with almost everything you would get from a mirrorless camera or DSLR, minus all of the bulky components.
Manual control can be quite complicated at first, but the possibilities are endless when you get the hang of it. If you’re a photographer who wants to take their art to the next level, this is the type of camera for you. Advanced compact cameras are great for events such as weddings, concerts, or business conventions.
The image quality of advanced compact cameras is phenomenal. Whether you’re shooting your best friend's birthday party or your favorite musician on stage, you’re going to get a fantastic shot. With that in mind, the sensor isn’t as big as a standard DSLR, so if you’re not good with your settings, you might not get as clear of a shot.
Some good news is that advanced compact camera manufacturers are continually making improvements to newer models. Professional photographers might not get the quality they need from an advanced compact camera, but beginners who want to get a feel for manual controls could greatly benefit.
Advantages of Advanced Compact Cameras
6. Point And Shoot Cameras
Point and shoot cameras are pretty straightforward. The exposure and focus are push-button, meaning you point at the subject and push the button to take a photo. The range of point and shoot cameras is exceptionally vast. You have disposable cameras that you throw away after each use to sophisticated digital cameras.
You can fiddle with some options, but for the most part, the settings on a point and shoot camera are minimal. You cannot control the shutter speed, exposure, or focus. However, you can use your creative edge and take advantage of different natural lighting situations.
Since point and shoot cameras are limited, they have almost become a sort of challenge for photographers in the community. It’s similar to people who draw up beautiful masterpieces using only a blue pen. If you are looking for a complex piece of camera technology, then a point and shoot camera probably isn’t the right way to go.
If you are just getting into photography and want to experiment with different subjects without investing heavily in a camera, then point and shoot cameras are right up your alley. You can buy an inexpensive one and try out other shooting locations, and subjects then make the upgrade later.
Advantages of Point and Shoot Cameras
What do you think about our list of cameras above? Do you have any experience with any of these types of cameras? Let us know in the comments. If you have a friend looking to get into photography, make sure to share this post with them.
We hope you now have a better understanding of all the popular camera types out there. Now it’s time to get out there and capture some beautiful pictures!